Category Archives: Ancient History

Minoan Crete – The First Civilization 2000-1100BC

minoan_fresco_-_bull_jumping

Europe’s first civilization arose in Crete and the Aegean islands during the Bronze Age. It is called Minoan after its legendary King Minos. According to the Athenian historian Thucydides, Minos was the first to rule the seas and islands. Thucydides was long thought to be just repeating myths about the king of Cnossus, who reputedly exacted tribune from Athens: 14

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The 7 Greatest Roman Generals

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Military service was a customary inescapable, part of life for most Romans in the Republic and Empire, a few commanders stand out, either for saving the state or for transforming the armies. Some went on to civilian life, usually with disastrous consequences.    1. Publius Cornilius Scipio Africanus (235-183BC) Scipio was only 25 years old when he was given command

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Egyptian Funerary Masks

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Since the early mummification process was not a reliable one, the Ancient Egyptians covered the face of the deceased with a funerary mask that symbolically preserved the persons features. the first examples of mummification date to the old Kingdom (2686 – 2181BC), when the body was simply eviscerated, cleaned and wrapped first in bandages, then a shroud. In some cases,

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King Narmer, the first Pharaoh

King Narmer

The unification of lower and upper Egypt in about 3100 BC laid the foundations of Egypt of the Pharaohs. Was Narmer the founder and ruler off the combined kingdoms- the first Pharaoh?   According to ancient Egyptian traditions, the unification of the two regionsof upper and lower Egypt was achieved by a legendary ruler called menes. He is also credited

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The Revolt Against King Tarquin

king tarquin

In 510 BC Rome witnessed a revolt against the rule of the Etruscan kings. Sextus, the son of king Tarquinius Superbus raped the wife of a nobleman, Tarquinius Collatinus. King Tarquinius’ rule was already deeply unpopular with the people. This rape was too great an offence to be tolerated by the Roman nobles. Lead by Lucius Iunius Brutus, they rose

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The Legend of Romulus and Remus with the she-wolf

Rape of The Sabine Women

Rome‘s early history is shrouded in mythic legend, according to legend, the city was founded on 21 April 753 BC by the twins princes of Alba Longa Romulus and Remus, supposedly itself founded four centuries earlier by Aeneas a Trojan prince. The twins, his distant descendants, were abandoned as babies on orders of Amulius, who had usurped their kingdom and

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Germanicus Julius Caesar

Deathbed of Germanicus

GERMANICUS (15BC-AD19) Germanicus Julius Caesar (24 May 16 BC or 15 BC 10 October AD 19) was a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty of the early Roman Empire. He was born in Lugdunum, Gaul (modern Lyon). At birth he was named Nero Claudius Drusus . Germanicus was the charming and popular son of Nero Claudius Drusus and Through his mother, Antonia,

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The Seven Legendary Kings of Rome

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Reign of Romulus Romulus (c. 771 BC–c. 717 BC) and Remus (c. 771 BC–c. 753 BC) Romulus was not only Rome”s first king but also the city”s founder. In 753 B.C., Romulus began building the city upon the Palatine Hill. After founding Rome, he invited criminals, runaway slaves, exiles, and other undesirables by granting them asylum. In this manner, Romulus

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