Minoan Crete – The First Civilization 2000-1100BC

minoan_fresco_-_bull_jumping

Europe’s first civilization arose in Crete and the Aegean islands during the Bronze Age. It is called Minoan after its legendary King Minos. According to the Athenian historian Thucydides, Minos was the first to rule the seas and islands. Thucydides was long thought to be just repeating myths about the king of Cnossus, who reputedly exacted tribune from Athens: 14

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Greek Renaissance 800-700 BC

The Poet Hesoid

Around 800 BC this enclosed, static society began to change. The spur was increasing population, growing prosperity at home and renewed contacts with traders from the Levant. The traders were Phoenicians, a Semitic people from the coast of modern Lebanon who founded Carthage near modern Tunis in 814 BC. The use of iron also spread, giving Greek farmers metal axes,

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